Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu INRA Logo partenaire

LabEx BASC

API-SMAL

API-SMAL - Agroecology and policy instruments for sustainable multifunctional agricultural landscapes

Project holders: Vincent MARTINET (Économie Publique) & Muriel TICHIT (SADAPT)

Other BASC research units involved: Agronomie, BIOGER, ESE

Non-academic partners: CDC-Biodiversité, FNCIVAM

Academic partners outside BASC: BioSP, MaIAGE

Summary

Transitions to sustainable agriculture require dealing with some key societal challenges, such as feeding the cities, contributing to climate change mitigation, reducing environmental and human health externalities from agriculture, and preserving functional (e.g., pollinators and pest predators or parasitoids) and emblematic biodiversity. To address these challenges, researchers and practitioners are developing agroecological solutions promoting ecosystem services essential to agricultural production, such as soil fertility, nitrogen fixation, erosion control, pollination, and pests and diseases control. These solutions often rely on ecological dynamics at the landscape scale and require particular spatial arrangement of land-uses (including semi-natural habitats) and agricultural practices. When considered on isolation, each challenge may call for very specific solutions, which can be inconsistent with the solutions for other challenges. Consequences of agroecological solutions on multiple ecosystem services should be assessed to understand the complex trade-offs operating across multiple scales among interdependent challenges.

The objective of the API-SMAL project is to examine how agroecological solutions can reconcile economic, ecological and environmental performances in agricultural landscapes. We aim at exploring and assessing multi-scale landscape management strategies to extend our understanding of the opportunities offered by agroecology to respond jointly to several agricultural challenges at different scales (field, landscape, and region). More specifically, API-SMAL adopts an interdisciplinary approach bringing together agricultural scientists, ecologists, epidemiologists, modelers and economists to examine the synergies and antagonisms among different agroecological solutions for crop protection (diseases and insects), agricultural pollution reduction (greenhouse gases, water pollution by nitrates and pesticides, soil erosion), biodiversity conservation and biodiversity-based ecosystem services provision. We will use dynamic spatially explicit models to analyze the trade-offs among different dimensions of agricultural sustainability, including production, environmental and ecological issues. Collaborations with stakeholders (farmers, land managers, policy-makers) and public economics approaches will be used to assess options for landscape management, including coordination mechanisms and public policy instruments.

The main outcomes of the project will be:

  • the identification of multi-scale agroecological solutions (land use patterns and practices) fostering targeted ecosystem services to reconcile agricultural production, biodiversity and ecosystem services;
  • a description of the effect of agroecological solutions on ecosystem services and agricultural production at different scales;
  • the development and assessment of innovative policy instruments to promote ecologically-based agriculture in Europe.