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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Encyclop'Aphid : l'encyclopédie des pucerons

Encyclop'APHID

Aphid vectors

Cultivated or wild plants can host numerous viruses transmitted by different species of aphids.

This Table shows the major viruses of cultivated planta and their vectors.

Plant

Virus (disease)

Abbreviation

Mode

Principal vectors

Apiaceae

Carrot

Carrot mottle virus (mottled dwarfism)

CMoV

P

Cavariella aegopodii

Carrot redleaf virus in association with CMoV

CRLV

P

Cavariella aegopodii

Celery

Cucumber mosaic virus 

CMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, A. fabae, Myzus persicae

Celery mosaic virus 

CeMV

NP

Hyadaphis foeniculi

Alfalfa mosaic virus

AMV

NP

Myzus persicae

Asteraceae

Lettuce, chicory, endive

Lettuce mosaic virus 

LMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae…

Beet western yellows virus 

BWYV

P

Myzus persicae, M. ascalonicus, Aphis fabae, Aulacorthum solani

Beet yellow virus 

BYV

SP

Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Artichoke

Artichoke latent virus 

ALV

NP

Aphis fabae, Brachycaudus cardui, Myzus persicae, …

Artichoke French latent virus

AFLV

NP

Capitophorus horni

Broad bean wilting virus

BBWV

NP

Capitophorus horni

Brassicaceae

Cabbage, turnip

Turnip mosaic virus

TuMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Brevicoryne brassicae, …

Cauliflower mosaic virus

CaMV

SP

Myzus persicae, Brevicoryne brassicae, …

Beet western yellows virus

BWYV

P

Myzus persicae, M. ascalonicus, Aphis fabae, Aulacorthum solani

Rape

Beet western yellows virus

BWYV

P

Myzus persicae, M. ascalonicus, Aphis fabae, Aulacorthum solani

Turnip mosaic virus 

TuMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Brevicoryne brassicae, …

Cauliflower mosaic virus 

CaMV

SP

Myzus persicae, Brevicoryne brassicae,...

Chenopodiaceae

Beet, spinach

Cucumber mosaic virus

CMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Beet mosaic virus 

BMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Beet yellow virus 

BYV

SP

Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Beet mild yellowing virus 

BMYV

P

Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Beet western yellows virus 

BWYV

P

Myzus persicae, M. ascalonicus, Aphis fabae, Aulacorthum solani

Cucurbitaceae

Melon, cucumber, courgette

Cucumber mosaic virus 

CMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, A. craccivora, A. fabae, Myzus persicae

Beet mosaic virus 

WMV2

NP

Aphis gossypii, Myzus persicae

Zucchini yellow mosaic virus 

ZYMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, Myzus persicae

Fabaceae

Bean

Bean common mosaic virus 

BCMV

NP

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae

Bean yellow mosaic virus

BYMV

NP

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae,Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Cucumber mosaic virus 

CMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, A. craccivora, A. fabae, Myzus persicae

Peas, broad bean, faba bean

Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

PSbMV

NP

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii,
Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Bean yellow mosaic virus, pea strain 

BYMV

NP

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae, A. gossypii

Pea leaf-roll virus 

PeLRV

P

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Pea enation mosaic virus

PEMV

P

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae

Beet western yellows virus

BWYV

P

Myzus persicae, Acyrthosiphon pisum

Clover yellow vein virus

CYVV

P

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Bean leaf-roll virus

BLRV

P

Acyrthosiphon pisum

Lucerne

Alfalfa mosaic virus

AMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii

Pea enation mosaic virus

PEMV

P

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae

Clover  

Alfalfa mosaic virus

AMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii

Bean yellow mosaic virus 

BYMV

NP

Acyrthosiphon pisum, Myzus persicae, Aphis fabae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Cucumber mosaic virus 

CMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, A. craccivora, A. fabae, Myzus persicae

Liliaceae

Leek, onion, garlic, shallot

Onion yellow dwarf virus

OYDV

NP

Myzus ascalonicus

Leek yellow stripe virus 

LYSV

NP

Différentes espèces

Asperge

Asparagus Virus 1

AV-1

NP

Myzus persicae

Poaceae

Barley and all cereals

Barley yellow dwarf virus 

BYDV

P

Rhopalosiphum padi, Sitobion avenae, Metopolophium dirhodum

Cereal yellow dwarf virus  

CYDV

P

Rhopalosiphum padi

Maize

Maize dwarf mosaic virus 

MDMV

NP

Rhopalosiphum maidis, Sitobion fragariae

Rosaceae

Apricot, cherry, peach 
pear, apple, plum

Plum pox virus

PPV

Myzus persicae

Solanaceae

Tomato, pepper, aubergine

Cucumber mosaic virus 

CMV

NP

Aphis gossypii, A. craccivora, A. fabae, Myzus persicae

Potato virus Y

PVY

NP

Aphis spiraecola, A. gossypii, Myzus persicae

Alfalfa mosaic virus 

AMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii

Potato

Potato leaf-roll virus 

PLRV

P

Myzus persicae, Aulacorthum solani, Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Potato virus Y 

PVY

NP

Aphis spiraecola, A. gossypii, A. nasturtii, Myzus persicae

Tobacco

Potato virus Y

PVY

NP

Myzus persicae, M. ornatus

Cucumber mosaic. virus 

CMV

NP

Myzus persicae

Alfalfa mosaic virus

AMV

NP

Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii

 Transmission mode 

 P: virus transmitted by persistent modet

NP: virus transmitted by non-persistent mode

SP: virus transmitted by semi-persistent mode