Bridging landscape genomics and quantitative genetics for a regional adaptation of European grasslands to climate-change
In the next decades, grasslands as important ecosystems and basis of dairy and meat production are likely to experience damages and subsequent production losses due to changing climate. Recent events (e.g. severe drought in Western Europe in 2003) highlighted an insufficient capacity in local populations of grassland species to cope with unusual climatic events. However, most grassland species show a large ecotypic diversity over wide environmental ranges. We consider that this large ecotypic diversity could be used to recombine natural climatic adaptations and value for services to create improved populations of grassland species adapted to the foreseen future regional climates. To implement this strategy, it is necessary to have extended knowledge of the adaptive diversity existing in grassland species.