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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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daphnia

Christmas paper

"Local human pressures influence gene flow in a hybridizing Daphnia species complex", by Alric et al, in Journal of Evolutionary Biology
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Léman, hiver 2009

New Year's Paper

Reconsidering the drivers of lake CO2 over time...
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Frontiers

Publication of a review paper on the results of the overall IPER-RETRO research program

A synthetic review of all the results and papers from the IPER-RETRO project published in July 2015 in 'Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution"
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IPER-RETRO Research: spotlight in EOS

Past Phosphorus Runoff Causes Present Oxygen Depletion in Lakes
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CFCC

IPER-RETRO as Keynote of the session 'From the Holocene to the Anthropocene: the history of human-environmental interactions' at the COP 21 Scientific conference

IPER-RETRO review invited to present at the CFCC
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New papers on line

New papers, on line
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EDITO

24/03/2013

Studies covering long-term climatic variability have shown that the similar climate change can lead to completely opposite consequences on lake ecological status, depending on its location and morphological characteristics. Our knowledge of climate influences on lake ecology is then considerably hampered by the complexity of the pathways under which climate can act on these ecosystems. Indeed, such a singularity of lake responses to climate results from the fact that the different climate components can affect the lake directly, through modifications of the water column physical, chemical and biological properties, but also indirectly through their impacts on the watershed characteristics and subsequent inputs to the lake (Leavitt et al, 2009). Depending on the lake context, one pathway or the other shall predominate, leading to a lake-specific response to climate change.
Since local anthropogenic pressures exert strong structuring effects on lakes or their watersheds, our assumption in this work is that the impact of climate change on lake ecological and geochemical processes will depend on the intensity of local pressures.
We use, for that purpose, a set of three peri-alpine lakes (Annecy, Bourget, Geneva) exhibiting rather similar morphologies and submitted to the same climatic variability. These lakes have undergone, over the last century, similar local forcings (changes in nutrient inputs and fisheries management practices) but with varying intensities.
The first step of the program has been dedicated to the paleolimnological reconstruction of the lakes ecological and geochemical processes over the last 150 years. To reach a large picture of ecological processes, we implemented the classical paleolimnological approach by several new proxies developed within the program (molecular methods for microbial diversity, stable isotope analysis for food web structure and geochemical indicators of anoxia). We could then achieve a holistic and ecosystem-wide view on how these three lakes changed over the last century.
A second, on-going step consists in hierarchizing the drivers of the ecological changes observed over time. For instance, detected changes in food web structure resulted from the interactions between local and global forcings in all cases. However, using adequate models, we could show that climate impacts on food webs increased with the intensity of local stressors, and especially eutrophication. We could also detect the appearance of lake bottom anoxia, a major symptom of ecosystem degradation, from the 1950’s and its persistance since then, in spite of undertaken remediation measures. The contribution of climate change to the persistance of lake bottom anoxia was shown to be uneven between the three lakes.
The take-home message is then that morphologically comparable ecosystems under similar climate forcing are not evenly sensitive and these differences in vulnerability to climate warming depend on local stressors. Our conclusion fuels the debate about the predictability of the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and emphasises that local forcings should be considered when extrapolating from one site to another.

This program was funded by the "Vulnérabilité, Milieux, Climat et Sociétés" call for proposals from the French National Research Agency.

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