Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free: https://www.ghostery.com/fr/products/

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/fr/controler-ses-cookies/, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Realytics
Google Analytics
Spoteffects
Optimizely

Targeted advertising cookies

DoubleClick
Mediarithmics

The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at cil-dpo@inra.fr or by post at:

INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page

Recent advances in poultry production and possible future changes

INRA Prod. Anim., 1(3), 155-163.

P. STEVENS

INRA Nouzilly, Station de Recherches Avicoles, 37380 Monnaie

Abstract 
French poultry production receives no subsidies from the E.E.C. and is organized as a series of compagnies specializing in one or other poultry products, such as eggs or oven-ready fowl. It may be argued that these firms have attained their position as market leaders by a careful control of production costs, basing their operations on a system of contracts with their suppliers. This has enabled them to respond quickly to the needs of the market and they remain attentive to changes in consumer demand. A notable reduction in feed costs has been achieved in the Netherlands by the use of cereal substitutes such as manioc and corn gluten feed in layer ration formulation. The Dutch, aware of the competitive edge this has provided, have exported more than 50 % of their egg production, mainly to West Germany, aided by efficient technical and commercial departments capable of handling export markets. However, a fall in exports to countries outside the E.E.C. caused a fall in prices which were re-established after cutbacks in production by Germany, England and Belgium. This crisis lasted for almost three years and had the following consequences in France : 1. A slight drop in total production, 2. A slight shift in the siting of production units near the large centres of population and the cereal-producing regions, 3. The amalgamation of small, independent firms forming national concerns. Having established national brand names, these groups concentrated on improving the quality of their products, promoting them and advertising them. They have also attempted to diversify by adapting their products to different market niches. The spectacular development of the poultry meat market can be explained by a series of related factors. At the production level, regrouping flocks, specializing in one activity, establishing the slaughterhouse as the site of decision-making and contract work have all brought about savings and increased productivity. Improvements in hygiene, and the use of better breeds coupled with advances in rearing and growing techniques have contributed to the attractive price of poultry products compared to other meat. In addition, poultry firms have diversified the number of species and have been quick to satisfy new consumer demands. In particular, they have increased the number and type of cut joints and precooked dishes. While this has occured mainly on the French market, a similar tendency is apparent on the export E.E.C. market. Poultry producers confidently predict that, as a result of the excellent dietary qualities of poultry meat (notably its low fat content), there will be sustained, high growth in the market for precooked and for transformed products, such as « pâtés », over the next ten years.

Download documents