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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Phenotyping of animal product quality: challenges and innovations

INRA Prod Anim 27(3) 223-234

E. LE BIHAN-DUVAL¹ , R. TALON², M. BROCHARD³,⁴,⁵, J. GAUTRON¹, F. LEFÈVRE⁶, C. LARZUL⁴,⁵, E. BAÉZA¹, J.-F. HOCQUETTE⁷,⁸

1 INRA, UR83 Recherches Avicoles, F-37380, Nouzilly, France
2 INRA, UR0454 Microbiologie, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
3 Institut de l'Elevage, 149 rue de Bercy, F-75595 Paris, France
4 INRA, UMR1313 GABI, F-785352 Jouy-en-Josas, France
5 AgroParisTech, UMR1313 GABI, F-75231 Paris, France
6 INRA, UR1037 LPGP, F-35042 Rennes cedex, France
7 INRA, UMR1213 Herbivores, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
8 Clermont Université, VetAgro Sup, UMR1213 Herbivores, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France

Abstract

 In order to be able to control the quality of animal products, it is necessary to have reliable, easy to use and if possible early and non-invasive measurements. Research and development programs implemented in the various livestock sectors (ruminants, pigs, poultry, fish) concern i) the development and standardization of rapid methods both for the detection and quantification of biological or chemical contaminants, ii) the development of alternative methods to replace analytical measurements of the composition and functional properties of products through innovative technologies used in routine (optical or imaging methods, non-invasive physical methods...) and/or iii) the research of early biological markers of quality (genetic markers, gene expression or protein levels of metabolites) and their validation by the way of modeling. High-throughput phenotyping applied to a range of increasingly broad criteria of quality, is necessary for genetic or genomic selection, predictive biology and precision livestock.

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